Adapted from traditional Shaolin training tools, the wall bag is a widely used Wing Chun accessory that helps to reinforce structure while developing penetration ability and power. It also conditions the hands and other body parts used in striking. At IWCA, we train our students to execute attacks and defensive techniques on the wall bag to give them a practical experience of striking and recoil.
Regular practice of hitting wall bags with strikes from different angles and from very close range teaches the Wing Chun practitioner how to hit hard without overcommitting body weight. Advanced students can also learn the Wing Chun version of iron palm training, in which the wall bag is progressively filled with denser and heavier material such as pulses, sand and even ball bearings. However, these advanced training practices must only be done under the supervision of a trained instructor as they can inflict serious and lasting damage on the practitioner himself.
JOOK WAN (BAMBOO / RATTAN RING)
One of the most effective training implements used in India Wing Chun for the development of the so-called ‘whirlpool energy’ is the Jook Wan, or bamboo / rattan ring. Practicing with the rattan ring develops different skills simultaneously.
First, the ring promotes circular, rolling motion in hand techniques, as the trainee learns which hand should circle inside, outside, below or above the other. Rolling in this manner develops drilling power as well as connecting energy, or the ability to make smooth transitions from one movement to the next – in other words, transferring power and momentum from one motion to the other through relaxed circular energy. This smooth transition from one motion to the next is referred to as ‘flowing’ and is developed to a higher degree through rattan ring training.
JOOK JONG (BAMBOO DUMMY)
The Jook Jong or bamboo dummy is typically used in Wing Chun schools in mainland China. The Jook Jong trains flexible energy in a different way from the relatively inflexible wooden dummy and is ideal for conditioning the forearms, developing free flow, training to attack and defend continuously and getting use to retraction or reaction of the opponent’s arms. The bamboo dummy used by IWCA has 16 arms and is used only by very serious students to refine and polish their skills.
The Jook Jong allows beginners to practice basic Wing Chun techniques, while also allowing advanced practitioners to train and perfect more complex techniques, including chi sao and lap sao drills. Training these techniques in combination with pressure sensitivity allows the Wing Chun practitioner to consciously feel the counter pressures and convert them into counter techniques. With practice, this leads to a significant increase in pressure consciousness. The bamboo dummy has an almost limitless number of adjustment positions, allowing all techniques to be trained in this way.
Finally, the Jook Jong is also very convenient for home use because it occupies very little space and can be easily dismantled.
MOOK YAN JONG (WOODEN DUMMY)
The wooden man post or wooden dummy, known traditionally as the Mook Yan Jong, is a well-known Wing Chun training device that has helped to make this martial art famous throughout the world. The Mook Yan Jong is a post with three arms and one leg set at strategic angles. It represents an opponent’s body in various positions and the lines of force the body can give out.
A popular legend says that it was invented when 108 separate wooden dummies from the Shaolin Temple were combined into one by the abbess Ng Mui to make martial arts training more efficient and effective. Used in place of a training partner to develop precision, form and greater power, a wooden dummy is a must for any advanced Wing Chun practitioner.
Originally erected in the ground and immobile, it was called the ‘dead’ dummy. The newer ‘live’ dummy is a shorter wooden post suspended from the wall by two horizontal cross beams which pass through it and are anchored to two vertical uprights. This modern design is believed to have been created by GM Ip Man to fit the needs of living in an apartment in Hong Kong. The wooden slats on which the modern wooden dummy is mounted has a springiness that is similar to a human opponent’s involuntary reaction and allows the user to practice absorbing energy into his/her stance. Due to this springiness, this type of dummy is considered to be ‘alive’.
Training on the Mook Yan Jong develops an ability to release one’s power smoothly into a stationary object. Some other areas developed during this phase are understanding and use of the centerline, ability to ‘close the gap’, flowing from one motion to the next and a more realistic application of hand and leg motions.
The techniques within the wooden dummy form are made up of some of the most technically superior techniques of Wing Chun. Knowledge of the secrets of the application of these techniques will enable a Wing Chun fighter to react much more swiftly than his fellow student who applies only the fundamental techniques of the other forms. Consisting of 11 sections, the Mook Yan Jong techniques exemplify 3 attacks simultaneously.
Due to the perfect angles of the wooden dummy’s structure, even the slightest error in one’s own structure tends to be magnified and can therefore be immediately recognized and corrected. Besides this the wooden dummy is an untiring partner for serious Wing Chun practitioner and helps a practitioner to acquire the invaluable ‘sticking to the opponent skill’.
The wooden man develops the use of power. Adhesion power when achieved will be a threatening force.
– Wing Chun Kuen Kuit